Technology

A Complete Guide to the Different Types of Software Testing

According to one study, software developers make about 100 to 150 errors for every thousand lines of code they write.

To catch those errors, you should run different types of software testing.

But there are so many different software testing types, so how do you know what to run? Keep reading to find out!

Integration Testing

Integration tests are used to verify that different services or modules will work together in your application.

For example, if you’re making an app to work with a database, you should make sure that they talk to each other and work as you wanted them to.

However, keep in mind that these tests are expensive to run. They require different parts of the app to be up and running, so if you find problems at that stage, it’ll be costly to fix them.

Alpha Testing

Alpha testing is one of the best testing solutions and is most commonly used.

The objective of this test is to identify any issues or bugs before you release them to the user or the market. This will help catch problems early on so they won’t be as expensive to fix later on.

However, some people carry out this test at the end of the software development phase. It’s often run before Beta testing, and you can still make minor design changes if you find something.

Normally, you’ll run alpha testing at the site of the developer. You can create a virtual in-house user environment to test the application in.

Functional Testing

Functional testing makes sure that all of the functional aspects of each piece of software are running perfectly.

There are a few different functional tests that you can run, and you’ll have to check each one to see if you got the result you wanted or not.

Some of the most popular types of functional testing are sanity testing, regression testing, white-box testing, black-box testing, and interface testing.

You’ll run these tests manually, but you can also use different automated tools to help you.

For example, some tools people use are things like JUnit, soapUI, and Micro Focus UFT.

End-to-End Testing

End-to-end testing is another type of functional testing. It will replicate how the user of the application will behave when they use the software.

They’ll test it in a complete application environment. This environment will help to verify that the workflow is simple and easy and that everything loads properly.

It will also create fake scenarios, to make sure notifications go through or payments work properly.

These kinds of tests are also expensive to run. They’re also hard to maintain if they’re automated.

Ad-hoc Testing

Ad-hoc testing is performed on an ad-hoc basis. That means that you don’t have to reference a test case or have a plan to document anything you found.

The point of this type of test is to find defects or errors as soon as possible.

It’s an informal test, and anyone who’s working on the project can perform it. However, it can be hard to find defects without a test case.

But many people have reported finding errors in ad-hoc testing versus testing with a test case, so it can still be beneficial.

Accessibility Testing

Accessibility testing is another great software testing simulation to run.

This will see whether or not your application is accessible to people who have disabilities.

For example, if someone is color blind, you’ll want to see if your software has the right choice of colors to help people who can’t see colors very well.

Performance Testing

Performance tests were designed to check the behavior of a system when it is experiencing a certain type of load.

These are non-functional tests, and they have different forms as well. This test can help you understand the availability, reliability, stability, and versatility of your software.

For example, if you see high response times as a result of the test, this will tell you that something is slowing down the app.

These are also expensive tests to run, but they’re also essential before you release them to the market.

Beta Testing

Beta testing is often carried out by the customer, and they’ll perform it in a real environment.

Beta Testing makes sure that there are no major failures and that it meets all of the business requirements for the end-user.

If the customer accepts the software after testing it, then the beta test is considered successful.

This is the final stage of testing before you release it for commercial purposes. However, sometimes a company will release a beta version to a limited number of people so that they can test it and provide feedback to the company.

Back-end Testing

Back-end testing draws from a database filled with data from the front-end application.

There are different databases, but with back-end testing, the tester will connect to this database. Once connected, they will verify all the data by running queries.

This way, they’ll be able to find issues with data, like if it’s corrupted, lost, or deadlocked.

Discover More of the Different Types of Software Testing

These are only a few of the different types of software testing, but there are many more software testing types that you can run.

When running a business, it’s important that you have quality control at every step of the way.

So if you found this information helpful, check out our website to find more great articles just like this one!

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