The total number of housing units has grown nearly 7% over the past 10 years, according to the recent census. While the final results of any building construction process vary widely, building framing follows the same basic steps.
Are you interested in learning the basics of framing construction? We’ll overview the process in this article.
The next time that you see a home that is under construction, you’ll have a better understanding of what that framing construction company is doing.
What Is Framing Construction?
One of the first steps in home and building construction is the assembly of the building’s frame. You can think of the frame as the “skeleton” that supports the drywall, ceilings, air ducts, and other parts of a building.
Framing construction uses studs, joists, rafters, and other materials and assemblies. The frame must be strong enough to support everything that is added later in the construction process.
Laying the Foundation
Foundations are typically built from concrete. Construction crews can also build them from treated wood. Before a crew lays the foundation, the works must treat the ground.
Preparing for the foundation may include removing tree roots. Workers must compress loose soil to prevent post-construction settling.
A crewmember then attaches the sill to the foundation. Workers then attach studs to the sill.
Building the Frame
Once the foundations and sill are ready, the project manager will choose between a light or heavy frame. A heavy frame requires the placement of multiple heavy verticle supports.
Pole Building Framing
Rather than using traditional wood studs, pole building framing uses metal poles to do most of the supporting of a new home or building. Fasteners connect wood joists. Other than the use of metal poles, this framing technique uses traditional framing methods for placing studs and joists.
Platform Frame Construction for Wood-Framed Homes
This popular construction method builds off a ground floor platform. Walls are assembled flat on the nearby ground and then lifted and placed in a verticle position. A second story can be built the same way.
Wood frames are relatively light and do not require heavy lifting equipment to put into place.
Plank and Beam Framing
This framing method uses heavy timber. Unlike the platform frame method, plank and beam framing does not use joists and rafters.
Instead, a fewer number of larger framing pieces are used. Studs support the walls, and beams support the roof. The weight of the beams is transferred to the posts and then to the foundation.
Now You Know the Basics of Building Framing
Now you are familiar with construction framing terms, you can search construction framing companies near you with confidence. Each building framing method shares much in common, and the techniques described in this article are unlikely to change anytime soon.
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